Cabernet Franc - A Versatile and Complex Red Grape Variety

Introduction:
Cabernet Franc is a red grape variety that is known for its versatility and complexity. It is a parent grape to Cabernet Sauvignon and is often used as a blending grape. It is also used to make varietals, particularly in the Loire Valley in France where it is known for its light and elegant style. At Traynor Family Vineyard, we source our Cabernet Franc grapes from Watson Vineyards in Niagara-on-the-Lake, known for its ideal climate and soil for the variety.

History:
Cabernet Franc is a red grape variety that is believed to have originated in the Basque region of France, near the border of Spain. It is a parent grape to Cabernet Sauvignon and is often used as a blending grape. It is also used to make varietals, particularly in the Loire Valley in France where it is known for its light and elegant style. It was first recorded in the Bordeaux region in the 18th century and quickly spread to other regions in France and around the world.

In the Vineyard:
Cabernet Franc is a hardy grape variety that is well suited to Prince Edward County, but it requires winter protection. It is productive in the vineyard and produces small, tight clusters of grapes. It is a late ripening variety, which makes it well suited to cool climate regions. It is also adaptable to different soil types and alkalinity.

Pruning and Canopy Management:
Cabernet Franc should be spur pruned to manage yields and ensure fruit quality. The ideal number of buds per vine is 35 to 50 buds. Canopy management is important to ensure adequate sunlight penetration and air movement to prevent disease.

Wine Profile:
Cabernet Franc grapes produce wine with a deep ruby colour and a complex flavour profile. The grape is known for its fruity flavours such as black currant, black cherry, and blackberry, with notes of tobacco, cedar, and bell pepper. The wine has good acidity and moderate tannins, making it suitable for aging. At Traynor Family Vineyard, we use Cabernet Franc grapes to produce a light and elegant style of the variety, similar to Chinon. It is also used to make a rose, Breakfast in the Vineyard Glou-Glou, Cherry Bomb Clarete and Ophelia Piquette.

Conclusion:
Cabernet Franc is a red grape variety that is known for its versatility and complexity. At Traynor Family Vineyard, we source our Cabernet Franc grapes from Watson Vineyards in Niagara-on-the-Lake, known for its ideal climate and soil for the variety. The wine produced is a light and elegant style of the variety, similar to Chinon, with good acidity and moderate tannins suitable for aging. It is also used to make excellent, delicate rose.