Cultivar: Empire


Origin: Developed in 1966 by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, by crossing a Red Delicious with a McIntosh.


Tree Characteristics:

  • Vigorous and productive
  • Moderately resistant to fire blight and cedar apple rust
  • Susceptible to powdery mildew


Fruit Characteristics:

  • Large, round and slightly conical in shape
  • Bright red colour over a yellow background
  • Crisp and juicy, with a sweet and slightly tart flavour
  • Good for both fresh eating and cooking


Harvest: Mid to late season, typically in September or October.


Growing Region: Adaptable to a wide range of growing conditions but performs best in cool climates with moderate summers. Cold hardy and well-suited to the northern regions of North America.



  • Requires cross-pollination for good fruit set
  • Prune in late winter or early spring to maintain shape and size


Pest and Disease:

  • Susceptible to fire blight, cedar apple rust, and powdery mildew
  • Regular spray program is important for the control


Conclusion: Empire is a popular apple cultivar known for its large size, bright red colour and sweet-tart flavour. It is a versatile apple that can be used for both fresh eating and cooking. It is a vigorous and productive tree that is well-suited to cool climates and performs well in northern regions of North America.